You can find many lists of “books that changed the world” on the Internet.
Although these lists vary, there are some books that show up on most of them.
It was first published on February 21, 1848 in London. And, of course, it did indeed change history and the world by serving as a key philosophical foundation for socialism and communism.
There are several famous quotations from The Communist Manifesto that are well known and still frequently cited today.
One is the opening sentence of the Preamble:
“A spectre is haunting Europe — the spectre of Communism.”
Another is the first line of Chapter I:
“The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.”
The other famous words in The Communist Manifesto are its closing lines, at the end of Chapter IV. The official English translation of the last four sentences, as approved by Engels, are:
“Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working Men of All Countries, Unite!.”
The shortened, more familiar — and often parodied — mistranslation of the last few sentences is:
“Workers of the World, Unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains!”
As it turned out, other people’s visions of “Communistic revolution” and Marxism weren’t exactly what Marx and Engels had in mind.
In a letter he wrote on August 5, 1890, Engels remarked: “Just as Marx used to say, commenting on the French ‘Marxists’ of the late 70s: ‘All I know is that I am not a Marxist.’”
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